Trivium Pursuit

History, Chronology and the Bible

Do you suppose that when we get to heaven there will be thousands of video rooms where we can watch reruns of history. In one room there will be a recording of Noah and his sons building the ark and caring for the animals during that year on the water. In another room we can see David fighting Goliath, or who really was the pharaoh of the Exodus. I especially want to see what happened at Babel — did the continents drift apart at that time, as some scientists believe, and exactly how did the different languages appear and how did the people react to the confusion.

History, along with its companion subjects of chronology and geography, has always been my favorite. I think that might be because I learned next to nothing about history growing up — I wanted to, but school hindered me from it. They kept us too busy memorizing dates and names to leave any time for the best part of history — the STORY part.

In recent years, I’ve studied more ancient history, emphasizing the chronology part of history. Chronology is the science or study of locating events in time and arranging these events in order from earliest to latest. People usually write out chronologies on timelines.

I’d like to list for you here a few of the curriculum resources our family has found useful in our study of ancient history.

Beechick, Ruth. Adam and His Kin: The Lost History of Their Lives and Times. Pollock Pines, CA: Arrow Press, 1990. This important book gives children a biblically accurate overview of the book of Genesis, told in a narrative style. We suggest that you read this book to your children before you begin your study of ancient history.

Bloom, Jan. Who Should We Then Read: Authors of Good Books for Children and Young Adults. Cokato, MN: Books Bloom, 1999. This 250 page reference guide contains titles of 140 biographies of authors of great books for children and young adults, and it contains alphabetical lists of quality series such as Landmark, We Were There, Vision Biographies, and Childhood of Famous Americans.

Dang, Katherine, ed. Universal History: Volume 1, Ancient History, Law Without Liberty. Oakland, CA: Katherine Dang, 2000. This large, beautiful volume, which matches the other big, red books published by the Principle Approach people, is a chronological compilation of excerpts from 18th,19th, and early 20th century history textbooks. Included are numerous detailed timelines, maps, and genealogical charts. This text is the Principle Approach application to ancient history. Not primary sources, though. Two volumes available.

Grun, Bernard, based upon Werner Stein’s Kulturfahrplan. The Timetables of History: The world-famous reference that tells who did what when from 4500 B.C. to the present day ­ A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster, first published in 1946, reprinted in 1991. This book lists what happened in the world for every year since Creation. It covers politics, literature, theater, religion, philosophy, learning, visual arts, music, science, technology, growth, and daily life. You will find listed the titles of works by well known and lesser known scientists, historians, and fiction and nonfiction writers.

Guerber, H.A. The Story of the Romans. Ft. Collins, CO: Nothing New Press, originally published 1896, reprinted 2002. If you could judge a book by its cover, then this reprint of Guerber’s Story of the Romans would get an A+. But that’s not the only great thing about this book ­ it’s the literary value that makes me love it. Mrs. Guerber has turned dry history textbook facts into a fascinating, yet accurate and pleasing story that children and adults of all ages will enjoy. I don’t believe in talking down to children, and that’s another reason why I like the Guerber books ­ the vocabulary and sentence structure are complex enough to grab older kids and adults, yet younger children will be perfectly capable of understanding them.

Guerber, H.A. The Story of the Greeks. Ft. Collins, CO: Nothing New Press, originally published 1896, reprinted 2001. Here’s another one of the great Guerber reprints. This one tells the history of the Greek culture in a way that everyone can understand. The black and white illustrations are lovely and can be used for copywork.

Hobar, Linda Lacour. The Mystery of History: Volume I ­ Creation to the Resurrection. Dover, DE: Bright Ideas Press, 2002. The Mystery of History combines a detailed historical narrative with lesson plans, tests, and projects. I love the Biblical emphasis, the thoroughness, the ease of use, and the lay-out of this curriculum. The narrative is both historically accurate (she doesn’t get into speculation or mythology) and entertaining. This curriculum is recommended for grades 4-8, but I think K-3 could also use it. Volume II is also available.

Hulcy, Jessica, Sarah Rose, and Carole Thaxton. KONOS History of the World: Year One, The Ancient World. Anna, TX: Konos, 1994. KONOS is the earliest model of the unit study curriculum from which all other unit study curricula have been patterned. History of the World consists of Bible study, timeline events, lists of noted people, map study, related vocabulary lists, and activities all taught chronologically beginning with Creation and ending with early Rome. Research, dialog, reading classical literature, and writing are combined with creative and challenging activities to make the study of history light years away from the tedious way we studied history in our public school days. This curriculum says it is geared to students in grades 9-12, but I’m sure some seventh and eighth graders could benefit from it as well. Year Two also available.

Hull, Edward. The Wall Chart of World History. U.S.A.: Dorset Press, 1988. Large fold-out timeline. Follows the chronology of Archbishop James Ussher. This is my favorite timeline.

Miller, Christine. All Through the Ages: A Guide to Experiencing History Through Literature. Fort Collins, CO: Nothing New Press, 1997. Extensive compilation of books arranged chronologically and geographically. For all ages.

Miller, Michelle. TruthQuest History. Traverse City, MI: ThinkWrite, L.L.C., 1997-1999.
­ Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece
­ Ancient Rome
These study guides, which can be used by students of all ages, contain short, concise historical commentary along with exhaustive book recommendations (both in-print and out-of-print) for every key person and event covered. Also included are writing exercises placed throughout the commentary. I love the cautions that Michelle gives us. At numerous points she suggests that we be careful in our study of ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman civilization, and she shows us which books would not be appropriate for young children or even some older students. There is just enough commentary throughout the books to guide us and keep us on the correct path so that we won’t leave out any important historical events or people. A family is free to spend as long or as little time at each stop on the timeline as they wish.

Shukin, Barbara. Ancient History Portfolio and Timeline. A sturdy spiral-bound book of blank maps and spaces for drawings, narrations or reports. Also contains a uniquely designed timeline for students to add dates and drawings. Can be used to supplement any history curriculum. Four volumes available.

Somerville, Marcia. Tapestry of Grace. Derwood, MD: Books ‘N Kids, Inc., 2001. This comprehensive unit study curriculum combines the subjects of history (studied chronologically), literature, geography, writing, vocabulary, government, fine arts, and church history. Each week the student will read history and literature, discuss what he reads, and communicate what he has learned through writing projects, displays, activities, and oral presentations. This curriculum is thorough and detailed, and is an excellent application of the trivium approach, with the student activities divided into four levels: lower grammar, upper grammar, dialectic, and rhetoric. Four volumes.

Stanton, Mary and Albert Hyma. Streams of Civilization: Volume One and Volume Two. Arlington Heights, IL: Christian Liberty Press, 1992. Good all-round history text from a Christian perspective.

Walton, John H. Chronological and Background Charts of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1994. Dozens of charts which help us understand the history, literature, archaeology, theology, and chronology of the Old Testament.
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After five years of work, Larry and Marion Pierce (authors of The Online Bible) and publisher Master Books have released one of the most important history books ever to be written:

In 1654 Archbishop James Ussher finished researching and writing The Annals of the World, a comprehensive history of the world covering every major event from creation up to AD 70. In writing this history, Ussher read everything about ancient history that existed in the 17th century (many of these works have been lost to time or are no longer available for study), and his work is extensively footnoted with thousands of references to ancient writers. This work is actually a summary of what the ancients wrote. The book was written first in Latin, and then in 1658 translated into English. Today, the Pierces have revised, updated, and translated The Annals into modern English. All the footnotes have been updated to reference works in the Loeb Classical Library, and all Ussher’s original citations have been checked against the latest textual scholarship.

This book will prove to be the most valuable source of all time for the study of ancient history and chronology. You can buy The Annals of the World from Answers in Genesis.
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Another tool I believe to be indispensable if you are studying ancient history is The Reese Chronological Bible by Edward Reese. The Bible was not compiled in strict chronological order — either by the Jews, or by the Gentiles. Even some portions of the historical books seem to be out of chronological order. There are numerous chronological issues which seem to be unresolveable on the basis of Biblical data, so they require presuppositions and speculations just to come up with theories. If you use a chronologically arranged Bible, such as the Reese Chronological Bible, you will be following Dr. Reese’s theories which are not adequately, if at all, explained, and you often won’t be able to separate the sound chronology from the speculative chronology. That’s okay, as long as you understand this before you begin. I would supplement this Bible with a couple of books on chronology so you can at least appreciate the complexity of the issues and different attempts at resolving them.
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Books on chronology:

Anstey, Martin. Chronology of the Old Testament.
Beechick, Ruth. The Language Wars and Other Writings for Homeschoolers.
Down, David. Searching for Moses.
Fairbairn, Patrick. The Imperial Bible Dictionary.
Jones, Floyd Nolen. Chronology of the Old Testament.
Mauro, Philip. The Wonders of Bible Chronology.
Pierce, Larry. In the Days of Peleg.
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Hello,
I have been using the Ancient History from Primary Sources: A Literary Timeline this year and have really enjoyed it. The side by side timeline has been so helpful in visualizing the sequence of events. I have been frustrated, however, with some of the dates on the Egyptian Pharaohs. I understand that there is no absolute dating for these ancient events, but some of the dates were off about 300 years, according to at least 3 other sources. These other sources agreed within about 10 years and were both Christian and non-Christian. I am wondering what sources you used to determine these dates? Is is possible that more recent excavation and findings give more accurate dates than Botsford and Breasted? Other than this little problem – I have found the book to be extremely helpful and the CDs have been great.

Sincerely, Krysti
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Good question! On pages 203-213 of Ancient History From Primary Sources you will find an article entitled The Bible Chronology Puzzle. This will give you a simple introduction to the chronology problem. Then on pages 218-220 we list all the chronology resources we consulted in writing the book. You will note that we adopted the New Chronology as outlined by David Rohl in his book Pharaohs and Kings. We first become interested in this new approach to chronology after hearing Rob Shearer (of Greenleaf Press) speak favorably of Rohl, and have since found that numerous well-known Bible chronologists also lean toward this approach. Ruth Beechick addresses the issue in a chapter of her book The Language Wars.

Rohl is an Egyptologist and ancient historian who, though not a Christian, believes that the Bible should be valued just like any other historical document — not rejected, as do most secular historians. His New Chronology provides the archaeological evidence for the existence of many Old Testament characters, and redates Egyptian history. He places Dudimose as the pharaoh of the Exodus, and dates the Exodus at 1447 BC. There is a Yahoo Group that discusses the New Chronology: groups.yahoo.com/group/NewChronology

Botsford and Breasted hold to the standard chronology.

Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest by David M. Rohl (There is also a video that goes along with this book and is very valuable. The video has the same title as the book and is produced by The Learning Channel.)
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One other resource I’d like to recommend is a small two-page color timeline which covers creation through 70 A.D and follows Ussher’s dates. You can find this timeline as an insert in the September/November 2005 issue of Creation magazine. I have found this timeline to be the best compact, all inclusive record of Biblical events. All important events and people are included on this timeline so you can see at a glance who did what, when.
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Taken from The Wonders of Bible Chronology by Philip Mauro

“It is safe to say that, if Genesis 5 were not in the Bible, and if a tablet were exhumed, say in Assyria or Egypt, bearing the same concise statistical statements, it would be hailed as the most wonderful and valuable relic of antiquity. And not only so, but many who attach little or no importance to the statements as found in the Bible, would give full credence to the very same statements, if recorded by some unknown Egyptian or Babylonian sinner.”

24 Responses to “History, Chronology and the Bible”

  1. ~ Patricia Says:

    Great resources! Thanks! I think that the best part of *my* homeschool education over the past 20 years has been learning the history that I was bored with when I was in school! Blessings ~ Patricia

  2. Paul Barr Says:

    Do you have a source for the Wall Chart of World History by Dorcet, a facsimile edition 1992?

    ———————–

    The Wall Chart of World History drawn by Edward Hull and published by Dorset Press in 1988 (and reprinted several times in the early 1990’s) is out of print. If you do a Google search you can find several used copies.

    Barnes and Noble recently started publishing this chart, using the same name, and it is nearly identical to the Dorset edition, although they have inserted some references to evolution. You can find new and used copies on Amazon. Laurie

  3. Karen Davis Says:

    I laughed out loud at your first paragraph – YES! I have imagined some form of being able to “see” history in heaven. That would be so awesome. History is my favorite homeschool subject – I have learned so much in the past 15 years and I am excited to continue learning more.

  4. Bob & Laurie Says:

    Like you, always loved history and disappointed with what I got in school. I’m a lay person, having trouble explaining the concerns of chronology. Your definition will go a long way for me. Thank You! Bob & Laurie.

  5. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Egyptian chronology is flawed. Egyptian king Pepi II reign 2278-2184 B.C. should be lowered to 2003-1913 B.C. since the Sakkara kings list reveals the 7-10 and part of Egypt’s 11th dynasties are fraud. Pepi II’s death a civil war occurs in Egypt and Mentuhotep II is the next king. Pepi II had trade with Sodom a city Abraham prayed for.
    Senusret III would attack Shechem soon after Jacob left for Bethel. (Genesis 35:1-6)Senusret III then annexes Canaan and Joseph works with both the Egyptian and Canaanite economies.

    Egypt: Pepi II 2003-1913 B.C. Mentuhotep II 1913-1862 B.C. Mentuhotep III 1862-1850 B.C. Mentu- hotep IV 1850-1843 B.C. Amenemhet I 1843-1813 B.C. Senusret I 1813-1777 B.C. Amenemhet II 1777-1743 B.C. Senusret II 1743-1724 B.C. & Senusret III 1724-1685 B.C.

    Biblical: Abraham lives 1992-1817 B.C. Isaac 1892-1712 B.C. Jacob 1832-1685 B.C. & Joseph 1741-1631 B.C. Jacob dies a few months before Senusret III.

    Ancient history does match Biblical history. Feel free to pass the word!

  6. REX Says:

    Egyptians were at the Tower of Babel in Shinar/Sumer before being scattered across the earth. (Genesis 11:1-9)Egyptians arrived in Africa and built the Step Pyramid in Mizraim/ Djoser’s reign. Priest Imhotep built a temple and Egypt’s first pyramid in Sumerian design.

    Priest Imhotep worshiped Ptah the defied Pathru-sim in Genesis 10:14. Sim = tribe. The man’s name was Path-ru who had a son named Snef-ru who built two pyramids in Egypt.

    Abraham entered Egypt during the end of Pepi II’s reign. Abraham feared for his life. (Gensis 12:12)God plagued Egypt. (Genesis 12:17)Memphis dynasty fell shortly after Abraham left Egypt. Pepi II had trade with Sodom. The city of Sodom is destroyed 20 years after Pepi II dies.

    Sakkara Egyptian kings list shows the next king to reign over Egypt after Pepi II dies is Mentuhotep II who reunites Egypt from a civil war caused when Pepi II had died.

    Abraham digs a well and the Philistines want his well. (Genesis 21:25)There is water scarcity in both Egypt and Canaan. Hagar even had trouble finding water. (Genesis 21:15-19)Mentuhotep II had 12 wells dug along the Egyptian Nubian trade route because of the drought.

  7. REX Says:

    Amenemhet I built the “Walls of the Ruler” to keep the Amorites out of Egypt. Abraham dies around the time the wall is completed. Amenemhet I son Senusret I is called “Throat Sliter of Asiatics”. He is the reason God told Isaac not to enter Egypt. (Genesis 26:2)

    Jacob’s sons kill all the males in Shechem,Canaan
    (Genesis 34:25) Senusret III attacks Shechem after Jacob’s family is living safely in Bethel before Jacob enters Egypt. Senusret III annexes Canaan. Joseph manages both the Egyptian and Canaanite economies. (Genesis 47:13-17)

    The horse entered Egypt peacefully and the horse was used in ceremonies not warfare.(Genesis 41:43)Joseph was given the second chariot–chariots were scarce. Horse in Egypt during Senusret III’s reign is proven by a horse skeleton found at Buhen Nubia 1959 A.D. traced to Senusret III’s reign. Chariots (Genesis 50:9) Jacob’s funeral.

    The Cannanite/Hyksos entered Egypt peacefully during Senusret III’s reign when there was a global famine. (Genesis 41:57)The Egyptian priest Manetho lied about their history.

    Joseph age 17 (Genesis 37:2 & Genesis 50:26)lived in Egypt for 93 years. He died at age 110. Senusret III reign = 39 yrs. + Amenemhet III reign = 45 yrs. + Amenemhet IV reign = 9 yrs. according to Ian Shaw Oxford History of Egypt 2000 A.D. Amenenhet III completes Bahr Yosef (Joseph’s canal)

    Joseph therefore served all three kings! When the so-called 12th dynasty ended-the prosperity died when Joseph died.

  8. REX Says:

    What about the Canaanite/Hyksos? Joseph was the only foreigner having power reigning as a governor over Egypt. There perhaps was only one Canaanite/Hyksos king called Apepi.

    There is a myth about the coming war between the Canaanites and Egyptians. Apepi I complains about a hippo’s roar some 500 miles away in Thebes to Seqenenre Tao and this children’s tale is what starts the war. Where the truth is hidden.

    Abydos Egyptian kings list reveals the next king after Amenemhet IV dies is Thebean Ahmose. Queen Sobekneferu Amenemhet IV’s sister had a three year reign and so did Ahmose brother Kamose have three years. Tao and Kamose must have both fought Sobekneferu and her allies the Canaanites and maybe their king Apepi. Explains the real history behind the myth.

    This is the reason her pyramid has not been found and there is no history about her death because Ahmose the Thebean won victory against the foreigners driving the Canaanites out of Egypt and Ahmose put an end to Egypt’s prosperous 12th dynasty.

    Moses life was saved by princess Hatshepsut. Her father Thutmose I ordered all male Hebrew children to be thrown in the Nile. (Exodus 1:16 & Exodus 2:5-10)Queen Hatshepsut reigned for the sickly Thutmose II and Thutmose III was the Exodus pharaoh reigning some (1 Kings 6:1) 480 yrs. before king Solomon’s 4th year.

    The Bible is a historically accurate book. Feel free to pass the word!

  9. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Amenemhet I had slain Thebean Mentuhotep IV. Its likely Thebean Senenenre Tao or Thebean Kamose the brother of Ahmose slew Amenemhet IV whose death like queen Sobekneferu was a mystery.

    Execration Texts written during Senusret III’s & Amenemhet III’s reigns showed some Egyptians did not like the Canaanite-Hyksos who entered Egypt.
    Joseph reigned as governor over Egypt beginning in Senusret III’s first year shortly after Senusret II had died.

    This gives indication after the 12th dynasty ended-with the last king Amenemhet IV the next king arising to the throne is Ahmose like the Abydos Egyptian kings list states.

    Archaeologist Manfred Bietak finds a pit in lower Egypt with both Amenemhet IV and Ahmose artifacts in it. (Oxford History of Egypt. Ian Shaw. 2000 A.D. p.190)

    This should prove your chronology to be accurate Rex.

    What is interesting there was two Exodus out of Egypt. One Canaanite Exodus and one Hebrew Exodus later.

  10. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Thutmose III required all captives to worship Egyptian gods. Moses challenged Thutmose III gods and 10 plagues strike the Exodus king.(1 Kings 6:1)

    Amenhotep II experienced two rebellions in Asia against Egyptian rule. The Cannanites had heard about the miracle at the Red Sea. (Joshua 2:10)
    Its likely those people whom rebelled challenged Egypt believing Egypt had been weakened.

    Thutmose IV in Amenhotep II’s reign believed in a dream if he cleared sand from the Sphinx he would become the next king of Egypt. There the east wind must have also blew over Egypt burying the Sphinx in sand. (Exodus 14:21)

    Amenhotep III recieves the Tel-Amarna letters stating the Haribu (Hebrews) have invaded Canaan.
    Joshua’s invasion of Canaan the sun stood still for almost a day. (Joshua 10:13)Amenhotep III declares himself a sun-god-Like he had power over the sun instead of GOD.

    Akenaton’s uncle is Tushratta Cushan-Rishathaim in Judges 3:8. Akenaton has a military alliance with Tushratta, yet when Tushratta needs help Akenaton sends no troops. The Hebrews defeat Cushan-Rishathaim in eight years after his oppression. Akenaton’s poetry is similar to Psalms 104.

    Hope you like the information. Let the information come to life. Hope this clarifies that Thutmose III was the pharaoh of the Exodus.

  11. REX Says:

    Solomon’s real reign was 1019-979 B.C. according to the reign of years given to Judah’s kings. The temple destruction is at 586 B.C. as we shall discover. The Exodus was in 1495 B.C. (1 Kings 6:1)

    Solomon 1019-979 B.C.Rehoboam 979-962 B.C. Abijam 962-959 B.C. Asa 959-918 B.C. Jehoshaphat 918-893 B.C. Jehoram 893-885 B.C. Ahaziah 885-884 B.C. Athaliah 884-878 B.C. Jehoash 878-838 B.C. Amaziah 838-809 B.C. Uzziah 809-757 B.C. Jotham 757-741 B.C. Ahaz 741-725 B.C. Hezekiah 725-696 B.C. Manasseh 696-641 B.C. Amon 641-639 B.C. Josiah 639-608 B.C. Jehoahaz 608 B.C. Jehoiakim 608-597 B.C. Jehoichin 597 B.C. & Zedekiah 597-586 B.C. (1 Kings 11:42–2 Kings 24:18)

    We can uncover real Egyptian chronology by this establishment of real Biblical chronology.

  12. REX Says:

    Rehoboam’s 5th year was in 974 B.C. some 521 years after the Exodus. (1 Kings 14:25)Shishak attacks Jerusalem and Shishak dies a few months later in the 521st year.

    Lets see the real Egyptian kings list. Years given in solo reign. Amenhotep II 26 yrs. = 24 solo as an example.

    Amenhotep II 1495-1471 B.C. Thutmose IV 1471-1462 B.C. Amenhotep III 1462-1424 B.C. Akenaton 1424-1407 B.C. Semenkare 1407-1406 B.C. Tutankhamen 1406-1396 B.C. Ay 1396-1392 B.C. Horemheb 1392-1361 B.C. Ramses I 1361-1360 B.C. Seti I 1360-
    1347 B.C. Ramses II 1347-1280 B.C. Merneptah I 1280-1268 B.C. Amenmesses 1268-1263 B.C. Seti II 1263-1258 B.C. Merneptah II 1258-1251 B.C. Tausert 1251-1249 B.C. Irsu 1249-1247 B.C. Setnakht 1247-1245 B.C. Ramses III 1245-1213 B.C.
    Ramses IV 1213-1207 B.C. Ramses V 1207-1203 B.C. Ramses VI 1203-1193 B.C. Ramses VII 1193-1192 B.C. Ramses VIII 1192-1185 B.C. Ramses IX 1185-1166 B.C. Ramses X 1166-1157 B.C. Ramses XI 1157-1130 B.C. Smendes 1130-1103 B.C. Neferkhres 1103-1099 B.C. Psusennes I 1099-1049 B.C. Amenmope 1049-1040 B.C. Osokhor 1040-1034 B.C. Siamon 1034-1014 B.C. whose daughter married king Solomon.
    Psusennes II 1014-995 B.C. & Shishak 995-974 B.C. who died shortly after attacking Jerusalem.

    All 521 years have fallen into place. The Egyptian king before Amenhotep II is Thutmose III the Exodus pharoah.

    Egyptian chronology is what other nations in the Middle-East chronology is based upon. Hittite history no longer needs to be a mystery if one follows this new chronology.

  13. REX Says:

    Hittite kings: Hantilas 1595-1564 B.C. Zidanta 1564-1551 B.C. Ammuna 1551-1529 B.C. Huzziya 1529-1513 B.C. Telepinus 1513-1489 B.C. Tudhaliyas I 1489-1467 B.C. Arunwandas I 1467-1444 B.C. Tudhal-iyas II 1444-1428 B.C.

    Suppiluliumas I 1428-1392 B.C. who goes to war against Tushratta (Cushan-Rishathaim Judges 3:8)Mitanni king Tushratta’s empire falls after Israel rebels and wins victory against Tushratta’s forces. Suppiluliumas I paid tribute to Akenaton. Suppiluliumas son attempts to marry an Egyptian princess and priest Ay has him slain. War breaks out. Suppiluliumas I dies of plague carried by Egyptian war prisoners.

    Arunwandas II 1392-1391 B.C. dies of plague.
    Mursilas II 1391-1363 B.C. Muwatallis 1363-1337 B.C. goes to war against Seti I and Ramses II.
    Mursilas III 1337-1330 B.C. Hattusilas II 1330-1301 B.C. receives Lebanon as a wedding gift from Ramses II who had married a Hittite princess.

    Tudhaliyas III 1301-1274 B.C. is fighting Assyrian king Shalmanesar I (1314-1284 B.C. new biblical chronology)He makes a military alliance with the Amorites. Jabin the Amorite/Canaanite attacks Israel oppressing Israel 20 years.

    Arunwandas III 1274-1267 B.C. Suppiluliumas II 1267-1237 B.C. There in Ramses III’s 8th year 1237 B.C. (new chronology)the Sea People’s attack Egypt and bring down the Hittite nation.

    One can match up ancient history by using the right chronology. The Bible is a historically accurate book.

  14. REX Says:

    How the book of Judges fits exactly into 1 Kings 6:1.

    1418-1378 B.C. Othniel reigns as judge. Othniel defeats Cushan-Rishathaim in his 8th year 1410 B.C. (Tushratta = Cushan-Rishathaim)

    1378-1298 B.C. Ehud reigns. Ehud’s 18th yr. he slays Moabite king Eglon in 1360 B.C.

    1298-1258 B.C. Deborah and Barak reign as judges. The 20th year 1278 B.C. they defeat Canaanite/ Amorite king Jabin. (The Amorites have a military alliance with the Hittite king Tudhaliyas III 1301-1274 B.C. against Assyrian king Shalmanesar I 1314-1284 B.C. The Hittites pass their iron technology secret to the Amorites)

    1258-1218 B.C. Gideon defeats the children of the east in his 7th year in 1251 B.C. (Judges 6:3)
    (Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta 1283-1247 Biblical Time had entered Syria. The Syrians fled to Hittite territory, Lebanon, Israel and Egypt. The Egyptian queen Tausert 1251-1249 B.C. had an affair with her Syrian butler Bay. Proof the Syrians were in Egypt at this time)

    1218-1215 B.C. Abimelech slays his 70 brothers. There is anarchy in Israel and Egypt at this time. (Ramses III 1245-1213 B.C. is targeted for assassination in the same years Abimelech reigns.)

    1215-1192 B.C. Tola reigns. 1192-1170 B.C. Jair reigns. 1170-1152 B.C. Ammon oppresses Israel 18 yrs. Who were the judges during Ammon’s oppression?

    1170-1163 B.C. Ibson reigned. 1163-1153 B.C. Elon reigned.

    1153-1147 B.C. Jephthah reigned as judge. Judges 11:26 states for 300 yrs. (1453-1153 B.C.) while Israel lived in Heshbon and her towns and in Aroer and her towns and all the cities along the coasts of Arnon, the Ammonites made no attempt to take back their lands. Jephthah defeats Ammon in 1152 B.C. the 18th year of oppression.

    1147-1139 B.C. Abdon reigns as judge. 1139-1099 B.C. the Philistines oppress Israel. 1139-1119 B.C. Samson reigns. 1119-1099 B.C. The Ark of the Covenant is taken to Kirjath-jearim where it rests for 20 years.

    1099-1059 B.C. Saul reigns as king. 1059-1019 B.C. David reigns & 1019-979 B.C. Solomon reigns
    as king.

    This is how the book of Judges would fit into 1 kings 6:1 chronology. Ancient history as witnessed with this new chronology supports the Bible. Xerox and pass the word!

  15. REX Says:

    July 26, 2011 2:56 p.m. Lujack Skylark. Joseph entered Egypt in Senusret III’s first year reign; Joseph became governor age 30 some 13 years later.

  16. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Egyptian scribes eliminated history of people they did not like. The Egyptians did not like shepherds. (Genesis 46:34)This is one reason why the Hebrews were not mentioned in Egyptian history. Also a king arose in Egypt who knew not Joseph. (Exodus 1:8) Joseph’s name was purged from Egyptian records before Moses was born.

    Queen Hatshepsut’s name was struck from Egyptian records since she was the princess who saved Moses life.

    Queen Hatshepsut worshipped the cow goddess Hathor. The Hebrews while in the wilderness created the golden calf in honor of the famous queen in their generation.

  17. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Egyptian scribes missed this one. Zerah the Ethiopian had 1,000,000 soldiers (entering Egypt
    in Egyptian king Osorkon I’s reign)with 300 chariots to fight Judah king’s Asa’s army. (2 Chronicles 14:8-13)The Ethiopians retreated to Gerar,Canaan near Egypt when their army was totally destroyed.

    Archaeologist fail to link this history together.
    Israel’s king Ahab 921-899 B.C. (new bible chronology)built a House of Ivory. (1 Kings 22:39)Ahab had trade with Phoenicia. Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta II 899-893 B.C. (new chronology)received inlaid ivory furniture from Phoenicia transported by Aramaens living along the western trade route.

    Internal disorder in all four major nations in the Middle East. New chronology links up this history by cross correlation.

    Widespread disorder in Assyria,Babylon,Egypt and Israel.

    Babylon’s king Marduk-Zakir-Shum 862-827 B.C. is first to experience bedlam in his nation. There is rioting in Babylon and Marduk calls upon Assyrian king Shalmanesar III to send troops to quell the disorder 867-833 B.C.

    Assyrian king Shamshi-Adad 832-820 B.C. asks Marduk-Zakir for help against a rebellion in Assyria. Marduk only agrees to help when he receives many concessions.

    Egyptian king Shishak III 873-822 B.C. late in his reign is plagued by internal disorder when several Libyan chieftians declare themselves kings.

    Judah’s king Amaziah 838-809 B.C. goes to war with Israel’s king Jehoash 839-823 B.C. around 830 B.C. Another civil war putting Jews against Jews.

    Why won’t historians use the real Bible chronology to correlate ancient history together?

  18. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Tirhakah was an Ethiopian king. (2 Kings 19:9)Tirhakah ruled over Egypt & Ethiopia 698-672 B.C.
    Assyrians placed Necho I on the Egyptian throne
    before 672 B.C. when Tirhakah flees to Ethiopia when the Assyrians invade but Necho I was assassinated as soon as the Assyrians leave. Tanutamon reigns over Egypt 672-664 B.C. Necho’s son Psamtik I reigns over Egypt 664-610 B.C. Necho II 610-595 B.C. Necho II slays Josiah in 608 B.C. (2 Kings 23:29)

    Judah’s king Hezekiah 725-696 B.C. Tirhakah was king of Ethiopia. Tirhakah’s brother Shabataka 714-698 B.C. reigns over Egypt in Hezekiah’s 14th year when the Assyrian king Sennacherib 711-688 B.C. threatens to attack Jerusalem.

    Tirhakah’s and Shabataka’s father Shabaka 728-714 B.C. fought against Sargon II in 727 B.C. and lost. (Isaiah 20:1-5 indicates)

  19. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Assyrian kings list in Biblical time: Puzur-Ashur III 1548-1521 B.C. Enlil-Nasir I 1520-1504 B.C. Nur-ili 1503-1491 B.C. Enlil-Nasir II 1490-1484 B.C. Ashur-Nirari 1483-1477 B.C. Ashur-Bel-Nishu 1476-1467 B.C. Ashur-Rim-Nishu 1466-1456 B.C. Ashur-Nadir-Ahe 1455-1442 B.C. Erib-Adad 1441-1414 B.C. Ashur-Uballit 1413-1376 B.C.

    Ashur-Uballit paid Egyptian king Akenaton tribute.

    Enlil-Nirari II 1375-1364 B.C. Arik-Dan-ill 1363-1350 B.C. Adad-Nirari I 1349-1315 B.C. Shalmane-sar I 1314-1284 B.C.

    Shalmanesar I started a major war against the Hittites. Tukulti-Ninurta I 1283-1247 B.C. conquers Syria. Many Syrians flee to Lebanon, Israel and Egypt. These Syrians from the east are defeated by Gideon. (Judges 6:3)

    Ashur-Nadin-Apali 1246-1229 B.C. Ashur-Nirari III 1228-1221 B.C. Enlil-Kudur-Usur 1220-1216 B.C. Ninurta-Apal-Ekur 1215-1202 B.C. Ashur-Dan I 1201-1156 B.C. Ashur-Reshi-Ishi 1155-1138 B.C.Tiglath
    Pilesar I 1137-1099 B.C.

    Assyrian king Tiglath-Pilesar I caught a whale off the Phoenician coast. The Philistines oppressed Israel 1139-1099 B.C.

    Assyrian nation loses power when Tiglath-Pilesar I dies. Note: Israel gains power. King Saul reigns 1099-1059 B.C. David 1059-1019 B.C. and king Solomon 1019-979 B.C. Assyria poses no
    threat to Israel at this time in history.

    Ashur-Apal-Ekur 1098-1096 B.C. Ashur-Bel-Kala 1095-1078 B.C. thought his problems would be over if his daughter married an Aramaen prince. Prince Enlil-Rabi 1077-1071 B.C. seizes power. Eriba-Adad 1070-1065 B.C. is another Aramaen puppet.
    Shamshi-Adad 1064-1059 B.C. is able to open the northern trade route. Ashur-Nasir-Pal I 1058-1040 B.C. He is very sick. He can only defend Assyria’s border.

    King David’s 1059-1019 B.C. war against the Aramaen Syrians likely saved Assyria from total destruction.

  20. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Assyrian king Shalmanesar II 1039-1028 B.C. Assyrian merchants are being attacked by Aramaen raiders. Ashur-Nirari I 1027-1022 B.C. holds the Aramaen tribes at the Euphrates river. Ashur-Rabi II 1021-981 B.C. Aramaen tribes drive the Assyrians from the Euphrates frontier. Assyrian king Ashur-Reshi 980-976 B.C. Assyrians living between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers lose their homes. Assyrian king Tiglath-Pilesar II 975-944 B.C. Aramaens settlements at the Tigris river.

    Assyrian king Ashur-Dan II 943-921 B.C. defeats several Aramaen tribes then oppresses the Aramaens. Assyrian king Adad-Nirari II 920-900 B.C. goes on the offensive against the Aramaens.
    Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta II 899-893 B.C. receives inlaid ivory furniture from Phoenicia as tribute. Israeli king Ahab 921-899 B.C. had built a House of Ivory. How interesting!

    Assyrian king Ashur-Nasir-Pal 892-868 B.C. was the first in history to use cavalry units with infantry.

    Shalmanesar III 867-833 B.C. Shamshi-Adad 832-820 B.C. Adad-Nirari III 819-792 B.C. reaches Gaza but fails to take over Damascus. Shalmanesar IV 791-781 B.C. lost most of Assyria. Ashur-Dan III 780-763 B.C. was stricken by rebellions and plague. Assyrian king Ashur-Nirari V 762-754 B.C. rule Assyria is in decline. Several prince’s are ruthlessly assassinated. Biblical Pul deposes this king.

    Assyrian king Tiglath-Pilesar III 753-734 B.C.
    Judah’s king Ahaz 741-725 B.C. uses Tiglath-Pilesar III to invade Israeli king Pekah’s land.
    (2 Kings 15:29)Assyrian king Shalmanesar III 733-729 B.C. took over Israeli king Hoshea’s kingdom. Sargon II 728-712 B.C. destroys Ashdod, Israel in 727 B.C. Egyptian pharoah Shabaka goes to war against Sargon II and he loses. (Isaiah 20:1-5)Assyrian king Sennacherib 711-688 B.C. threatens Jerusalem his first year of reign. Hezekiah prays to God and Sennacherib’s army is destroyed.

  21. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Is Assyrian chronology aligned with the Bible?

    Assyrian king Esarhaddon 687-676 B.C. Ashur-banipal 675-633 B.C. Ashur-Etil-Liani and Sin-Shar-Ishkun are brothers reigning over Assyria together 633-629 B.C. Sin-Shar-Ishkun 628-612 B.C. and Ashur-Uballit II 611-605 B.C.

    Ashur-Uballit II’s army links up with Necho II and they fight the Biblical king Nebuchadnezzar.
    The Bible states in Jeremiah 46:2 that Nebuchadnezzar smote Necho II in Jehoiakim’s 4th year. The Babylonian Assyrian number system. (608,607,606 & 605)

    It appears the Assyrian kings list/chronology does align itself with Bible chronology. Why is the world keeping this a secret?

  22. REX Says:

    Is the Bible Historically Accurate? How accurate?

    Sargon/Nimrod was king over the Genesis 10:10 city of Accad/Akkad/Agade. His sons were Rimush and Manishtushu. His grandson was Naramsin.

    People leave the Tower of Babel in 0 year in the History of Nations.

    Sargon/Nimrod 0-56 yrs. in the history of nations.
    Rimush 56-65 yrs. Manishtushu 65-80 yrs. Naramsin 80-120 yrs.

    Sumerian poem states after Naramsin dies the Gutium take over Sumer/Shinar.Archaeologist Leonard Woolley stated the Gutium reign over Sumer 91 yrs. Utu-khegal king of the Genesis 10:10 city of Erech reigns 7 yrs & Ur-Nammu’s 108 yr. old dynasty. 120 + 91 + 7 + 108 = 326 yrs. of civilization since mankind left the Tower of Babel. (120-211 211-218 218-326)

    0 year of civilization Peleg is born. Mankind leaves the Genesis 10:10 city of Babel. 30th yr. of civilization Reu born. 62nd yr. Serug is born
    92nd yr. Nahor is born. Terah lives 121-326 yrs. in the History of Nations.

    Abraham is born Genesis 12:4-Genesis 11:32 when Terah is 130 years old in the 251 yr. in the UR
    dynasty of UR-Nammu. Haran Abraham’s older brother dies in yr. 318 some 430 years before the Exodus.

    From Peleg’s birth to Terah’s death = 326 yrs. in the History of Nations. From Sargon Nimrod’s reign to UR’s destruction by the Elamites = 326 yrs. in the History of Nations.

    Elamite king Kindattu destroyed Abraham’s UR. Kindattu is Elamite king Chedorlaomer whom Abraham later slays in Genesis 14:17.

    Kindattu’s nephew was Indattu the son of Pepi who came to power in Elam some two years after Pepi II in Egypt had died.

    There is the perfect 326 year match in Sumer and Biblical history. Our Bible is a historically accurate book!

  23. Lujack Skylark Says:

    Joseph’s global famine (Genesis 41:57) now has been verified! Spread the news! Educate the world to ancient world history.

    Shang Dynasty emperor Ching Tang some Chinese historians stated his reign began in 1747 B.C. There are others who believe his reign began in 1675 B.C. Chinese emperor Ching Tang was recorded having a seven year famine verifying Joseph’s seven year famine in Genesis chapter 41. This seven year famine occurred 1704-1697 B.C. Emperor Ching Tang must have been reigning during this time in world history.

    JOSEPH 7 YEAR FAMINE

    Joseph lived for 110 years 1741-1631 B.C. (Genesis 50:26) Joseph age 30 (Genesis 41:40-46) became governor of Egypt in 1711 B.C. There was 7 years of great harvest and the second year of famine Joseph age 39 in 1702 B.C. met his father Jacob age 130 (Genesis 47:9) in Egypt. Global famine 1704-1697 B.C. (Genesis 41:1-57)

    (1) Jacob brought the starving Hebrew people into Egypt settling near Biblical On (Genesis 41:45) Heliopolis, Egypt in 1702 B.C.

    (2) Starving Hyksos Canaanite chieftain Sheshi lead his people into Avaris, Egypt trading their horses for bread (Genesis 47:13-17) in 1702 B.C. during the world famine. (Genesis 41:57)

    (3) Starving Minoans from Crete also settle in Egypt’s delta in 1700 B.C. Other Minoans migrate to mainland Greece in 1700 B.C. spreading their Minoan culture there.

    (4) Starving Indo-European Sealanders invade Amorite Babylon king Abi-Eshuh 1710-1684 B.C. settling in southern Babylonia in 1700 B.C. Abi-Eshuh dams up the Tigris river trying to starve the Sealanders out.

    (5) Starving Indo-European tribes invade Dravidan dominated India in 1700 B.C. Indo-Europeans destroy the Dravidan Mohenjo-Daro civilizatin in 1700 B.C.

    (6)Starving Indo-European tribes invade western China in 1700 B.C. Chinese archaelogist discovered Indo-European mummies in western China. The Indo-Europeans introduced the Chinese to the horse driven chariot. NOTE: Indo-European Kassites were first to use the horse driven chariot attacking Babylon in the reign of Amorite Babylon king Samsu-iluna 1750-1711 B.C. in his 9th year in 1741 B.C. NOTE: Joseph age 30 was given the Egyptian pharaoh’s 2nd chariot in 1711 B.C. (Genesis 41:43)

    (7) Chinese Shang Dynasty very early in the dynasty recorded a 7 year famine verifying Joseph’s account of the 7 year global famine in Egypt. (Genesis 41:57)

    (8) The American agricultural Indians establish the Poverty Point Mound Culture in Louisiana in 1700 B.C. building their first city in North America during the world famine.

    (9) Olmecs migrate into the Yucatan Peninsula in 1700 B.C. Archaeologist state the Olmecs invented plumbing and the Olmecs were interested in water conservtion at this time in world history.

    (10) Joseph’s account of the world famine (Genesis 41:57) is supported by archaelogy and the migrations of ancient people’s in 1700 B.C. Why not pass this information along to people who are interested in Biblical history.

  24. Tom Says:

    Can ancient Hebrew prophets be revealing events in our lifetime?

    Israel became a nation reborn on May 14, 1948 (Ezekiel 36:24)

    Four red moons followed. (1) April 13, 1949 Passover blood red moon (2)October 7, 1949 Sukkot blood red moon (3)April 2, 1950 Passover blood red moon (4)September 26, 1950 blood red moon.

    June 6 Day War in 1967. (1)April 24, 1967 Passover blood red moon (2) October 18, 1967 Sukkot blood red moon(3)April 13, 1968 Passover blood red moon (4)October 6, 1968 Sukkot blood red moon. (One red moon before the 6 Day War followed by three more red moons)

    What will happen in 2013 since Four blood red moons will follow? OR will April 15,2014 pass with one red moon like what happened in the Six Day War followed by three red moons meaning the Sunni Arabs will go to war against Israel sometime after April 15,2014 and before October 8,2014?

    (1)April 15,2014 Passover blood red moon (2)October 8,2014 Sukkot blood red moon (3)April 4,2015 Passover blood red moon (4)September 28,2015 Sukkot blood red moon.

    Will 2013 A.D. be the year when Israel crushes the Sunni Arab terrorists living along all her borders in fulfillment of the Psalms 83 prophecy? Or will this prophecy fulfillment take place after April 2014 & before October 8,2014?

    Syrian president Assad has told his generals should he die he wants his generals to launch their rockets upon Israel’s cities. Should the Syrian commanders follow Assad’s advice Damascus will be destroyed (Isaiah 17:1) in one night. (Isaiah 17:14)

    God used the sun to help Joshua destroy Israel’s ancient enemies. (Joshua 10:12-14) Today, God uses the four red moons to warn the Israelites their enemies plans of attack.